Stay safe in the heat

Forecasts call for “unseasonable heat” today and tomorrow. Here are some tips to help you manage the heat:

For everyone

  • Check on at-risk friends, family, and neighbors.
  • If you’re outdoors, take breaks in the shade or in air-conditioned buildings. Avoid direct contact with the sun.
  • Avoid exercising or strenuous activity in the afternoon, when the heat is most intense.
  • Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water and don’t wait until you’re thirsty to drink more.
  • NEVER leave infants, children, or pets in a parked car, even if the windows are cracked open! It only takes a few minutes for severe medical problems and even death to occur.
  • Watch for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke. Seek medical care immediately if you know someone who experiences symptoms.

For outdoor workers

  • Take breaks in the shade or in an air-conditioned space.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • If possible, avoid more strenuous outdoor activity in the afternoons.

For certain populations

Some people are at higher risk for serious health problems like heart attacks, stroke, and kidney failure on hot days. People in these groups should take extra precautions to stay cool, drink water, and take breaks from the heat:

  • Older adults
  • Young children
  • People with chronic health conditions or mental illness
  • Athletes who exercise outdoors
  • Outdoor workers
  • People living unsheltered or homeless

Certain health conditions and medications make people more sensitive to heat. Check with your doctor about whether you are at greater risk.

Signs of heat exhaustion:

  • Heavy sweating
  • Weakness
  • Cold, pale, and clammy skin
  • Weak pulse
  • Fainting
  • Vomiting

Signs of heat stroke:

  • High body temperature (103° F or higher)
  • Hot, dry skin
  • Rapid and strong pulse
  • Possible unconsciousness

More information: